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Beech Species 

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Species - Domestic

Top portion is finished with water-base finish; bottom with oil-based finish


Color: Heartwood is mostly reddish brown; sapwood is generally pale white.

Grain:  Mostly closed, straight grain; fine, uniform texture. Coarser than European beach.

Variations:  Within Species And Grades: Only one species is native to the United States. Moderate to high color variation between boards.


Sawing/Machining: Difficult to work with hand tools, but good machining qualities.

Sanding: Sands satisfactorily if correct sanding sequence is followed.

Nailing: Has a tendency to split the tongues.

Finishing: May be difficult to stain


Hardness/Janka: Janka Hardness: 1300 (1% harder than Northern red oak.

Dimensional Stability: Below average (11.9%; 38% less stable than Northern red oak).

Durability: Availability

Moderately available. Origin North America

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